There are currently four aluminium smelters operating in Australia producing Australian primary aluminium metal. Production was 1.58 million tonnes in 2018, of which 1.45 Mt was exported. Australia is the world’s sixth largest producer.
Smelter location tends to be dictated primarily by the availability and proximity to historically low cost electricity sources. Location is also influenced by other factors such as transport costs and the availability and quality of other infrastructure. All of Australia’s aluminium smelters are located close to or on the coastline.
- Bell Bay (Tasmania) – Rio Tinto
- Boyne Island (Queensland) – Rio Tinto
- Portland (Victoria) – Alcoa
- Tomago (NSW) – Rio Tinto, CSR, Hydro Aluminium
To learn more about the aluminium smelting process go to http://aluminium.org.au/interactive-flowchart/aluminium-smelting-chart/.